New research looks to the gut microbiome to try to address some of the symptoms associated with autism, but this investigation comes with its own set of problems. New research looks at the importance of gut bacteria in autism. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke explain that “[a]utism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to
Fertility doctors in Greece and Spain claim they made medical history this week after a healthy baby boy was born using the genetic information from three parents.
Lip cancer is a form of head and neck cancer that starts in the squamous cells of the lips and mouth. Early signs can include a sore or lump that does not heal on the lips or in the mouth. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation (SCF), lip cancer accounts for about 0.6 percent of
What does sleep deprivation do to the way in which we perceive various emotional stimuli? A researcher from the Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has written a thesis aiming to answer this question. Sleep deprivation makes us more likely to have negative emotional perceptions. Ever felt grumpy after a sleepless night? When we do not manage
Crying is the body’s natural response to emotions that can be mentally and physically draining. When a strong cry triggers a headache, there are steps a person can take to help alleviate the physical pain, even if the emotional pain remains. When crying hard enough, many people will experience: a runny nose bloodshot eyes swelling
In cancer research, scientists usually look for cancer genes by scouring the genome for altered sequences — or mutations — in DNA. But a new study has now revealed that jumping genes, which customary sequencing overlooks, are also important drivers of tumor growth. Researchers have uncovered 129 jumping genes that may drive cancer. Scientists at
A new study looks at the genetic makeup of thousands of adults with depression to try to find an accurate way of predicting which children and adolescents may be at risk of developing this mental health problem. Researchers identify a genetic risk score that could help predict depression risk in the young. Many factors determine
Sanofi said Wednesday it will sell monthly supplies of insulin for a fixed price of $99 for patients paying with cash in the U.S. as the pharmaceutical giant faces intense pressure from the Trump administration and Congress to lower the cost of its nearly 100-year-old, life-saving medication.
Concerta and Adderall are stimulant medications that a doctor may prescribe for a person with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. They can also help a person with narcolepsy. Stimulants work by helping regulate the chemicals in a person’s brain that support thinking and paying attention. Although they have many associated side effects, stimulants are
People with diabetes have a higher risk of stroke than those without it. But a person can reduce their stroke risk by controlling their diabetes well and making certain lifestyle changes. For an individual with diabetes, the chances of having a stroke are 1.5 times higher than in people who do not have the disease,
Ritalin and Adderall can help treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. Doctors also sometimes prescribe these medications to people with narcolepsy. Ritalin and Adderall are the brand names for two different types of stimulant medication. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), stimulants work by increasing the chemicals in a person’s brain
The Senate Finance Committee on Tuesday grilled executives of five of the health care industry’s top pharmacy benefit management companies for their alleged role in raising drug costs in the U.S.
People usually use the drug naproxen to relieve pain and swelling, but it can also help treat fever. Naproxen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Naproxen is available by prescription, or people can purchase lower-strengths forms over the counter. In this article, we provide an overview of naproxen, including how it works, its uses, and
In a first-of-its-kind trial in the United States, researchers are testing a stem cell-derived natural killer cell immunotherapy in people with incurable cancer. Natural killer cells can detect and destroy cancer cells. Cancer follows heart disease as the second biggest killer worldwide. In the United States, an estimated 606,880 people will die due to cancer
Humans have a compulsion to simulate the activities and behaviors of others in their social group, but why is that? The findings of a new study may change the way that we understand empathy and phenomena of emotional and behavioral contagion. New research suggests a different way of looking at the evolution of empathy. Empathy
A new study finds that capsaicin, the pungent compound in chili peppers, can successfully stop lung cancer metastasis. New research adds to the mounting evidence that capsaicin, a compound found in chili peppers, has anti-cancer properties. According to the American Cancer Society, lung cancer is “by far the leading cause of cancer death among both
Hyperkalemia is a medical term for when a person has higher than normal levels of potassium. Usually, people with hyperkalemia do not have any symptoms, which makes it challenging for a doctor to diagnose. The leading causes of hyperkalemia are chronic kidney disease, uncontrolled diabetes, dehydration, having had severe bleeding, consuming excessive dietary potassium, and
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Monday refused to fully review the marketing application for Zogenix‘s treatment for seizures associated with Dravet syndrome, a rare form of childhood epilepsy, the company said. As part of a preliminary review, FDA determined that the application was not sufficient enough for a substantive review. Shares of Zogenix
Stamina describes a person’s ability to sustain physical and mental activity. People with low mental stamina may find it difficult to focus on tasks for long periods and become distracted easily. People with low physical stamina may tire when walking up a flight of stairs, for example. Having low stamina often causes a person to
Tamiflu is a prescription medicine for the treatment of influenza, or flu, in children and adults. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of Tamiflu in 1999. In 2009, governments across the world stockpiled the drug in response to the worldwide spread of the H1N1, or “swine flu” strain of influenza. However, recent
People with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who take insulin have a higher risk of developing hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar. Now, a study of how a protein works in the pancreas could lead to new treatments for protecting against the potentially life-threatening condition. Researchers may have found a way to prevent hypoglycemia in
Memory can deteriorate naturally, due to age, and even when this process is not related to neurodegenerative conditions, such as Alzheimer’s, it can still affect a person’s quality of life. Now, researchers from Boston University in Massachusetts are exploring ways of fighting age-related memory decline. By resynchronizing brain waves, we could reverse some age-related memory
Discovering a hard lump under the skin can be alarming, but it is rarely a cause for concern. Several factors can cause lumps under the skin, and they are usually treatable. In this article, we cover different types of noncancerous hard lump under the skin, their causes and treatments, and when to see a doctor.
Health officials are investigating an E. coli outbreak that has sickened 72 people across five states, federal health agencies said Friday.
Modern science brings us endless possibilities to help our bodies and our minds stay healthy, but some recent scientific pursuits have also been the center of controversy. One of these is researchers’ interest in manipulating memories. Is this feat possible, and if so, why would we want to achieve it? In this Spotlight feature, we
Investors in digital health have been opening their wallets in recent years, with the promise that the coming together of devices, algorithms and consumers’ growing obsession with personal health data will translate into big business.
A major study has found that unhealthful eating is responsible for more deaths worldwide than any other risk factor, including smoking. A diet low in nutrients may cause more deaths worldwide than smoking or other unhealthful habits, suggests new research. The Global Burden of Disease Study looked at dietary consumption between 1990 and 2017 in
New research shows that people who follow a keto diet to lose weight or treat diabetes should avoid sudden spikes in blood sugar levels. New research explores the effects of having a ‘cheat’ day on the keto diet. Diets require discipline, and it is not always easy for people to follow them without indulging in