Cancer

New research that now appears in the journal Nature Medicine examined glioblastoma tumors, and the results move scientists closer to understanding why this form of brain cancer does not respond as well to immunotherapy as other cancers. Doctors may soon be able to predict which people with glioblastoma will respond to immunotherapy. Immunotherapy is a
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Lupron is the brand name for leuprolide acetate. This drug is a type of hormone therapy that doctors typically use in combination with other treatments to treat people with prostate cancer. Lupron belongs to a class of drugs called luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists. These medications block the production of LHRH in the body, which
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A leading-edge genetic technique that can track cell lineage has revealed much about how breast cancer spreads. It could also help explain why some breast cancers relapse after initially successful chemotherapy. Researchers gain a better understanding of how breast cancer spreads thanks to ‘cellular barcoding.’ The name of the technique is cellular barcoding, and it
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New research involving Australian women aged 45 years and over found that the majority of this cohort believes that there is not a significant link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk. That could not be less true, the investigators warn. Women should be more aware of the link between alcohol consumption and breast cancer
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A new phase I/II open-label, dose-escalation trial has recently tested the effectiveness of a “Trojan horse” drug in treating multiple types of otherwise treatment-resistant cancer in its late stages. A new clinical trial assesses the safety and effectiveness of an innovative drug against multiple cancers at an advanced stage. Recently, a team of experts from
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An analysis of mortality rates related to breast cancer from 1989 until 2018 indicates that breast cancer screening, paired with access to better treatment, has significantly improved the health outcome for women with this type of cancer over the past few decades. Since 1989, breast cancer-related death rates have fallen exponentially, primarily due to screening
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New research featuring in the journal Science Translational Medicine shows that fatty acids fuel prostate tumor growth. As blocking fatty acids seems to slow disease progression, fatty acid uptake may be a promising new therapeutic target for prostate cancer. It may soon be possible to stop prostate cancer from becoming aggressive by blocking fatty acids.
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Scientists have identified several cannabinoid compounds that could potentially treat colorectal cancer. Cannabis compounds may help in the fight against colorectal cancer. A team at Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine in Hershey tested hundreds of cannabinoids on various types of human colorectal cancer cells in the laboratory. Of these, 10 synthetic cannabinoids showed the
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Bacillus Calmette–Guerin is a form of immunotherapy that doctors can use to treat some forms of bladder cancer. Following surgery to remove the cancer, this treatment can help prevent the cancer from returning. In this article, we will discuss what Bacillus Calmette–Guerin (BCG) therapy is, when doctors use it, and what to expect during treatment.
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A protein that plays a key role in protecting the body against cancer also appears to have the opposite effect in some cancers. The tumor-suppressing protein p53 can sometimes drive the growth of cancer cells. New research from the University of California in San Diego demonstrates instances in which the tumor suppressor protein p53 can
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New research finds that some nanomaterials that scientists use to combat cancer may have the opposite effect: to help tumors spread. The results reveal why this might occur and propose a way for us to turn this risk into a therapeutic advantage. Nanoparticles may make cancer cells (depicted here) divide and spread faster. Nanotechnology has
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An innovative new approach to cancer therapy suggests that a compound of the metal iridium could, when activated by light, target and destroy cancer cells. A newly developed metal compound could offer an effective strategy against cancer. At the moment, there are many different types of cancer treatment. These range from chemotherapy and radiation therapy
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In a study on mouse models and human tissue, researchers have revealed how aggressive forms of skin cancer are able to co-opt the immune system to become invasive. Knowing this could lead to better, more effective treatments. A study reveals the key factors that allow melanoma to become invasive. New research, the findings of which
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Fenugreek is an herb in the same family as soy. People use its fresh and dried seeds, leaves, twigs, and roots as a spice, flavoring agent, and supplement. While more research is necessary, some studies show that fenugreek may have varied health benefits. Fenugreek may be able to help reduce the risk of: However, using
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Multifocal breast cancer is a form of breast cancer in which multiple tumors arise in the same area of the breast. There are many types of breast cancer. The type and characteristics, including the number of tumors and where they are, can affect a person’s treatment and long-term outlook. This article covers information about multifocal
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People who have found a lump, have recently had their breast cancer diagnosed, or know someone who has may wonder how fast it can grow or spread. Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosis among women in the United States. It is very hard to estimate how a person’s breast cancer will change over
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Pancreatic cancer is typically an aggressive form of the disease, with a fairly low 5-year survival rate. Diagnosing pancreatic cancer in its early stages could help people receive treatment more quickly, but what kind of test would work best? The specific bacterial abundance on a person’s tongue may indicate the presence of pancreatic cancer. The
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Duodenal cancer is a rare type of cancer that forms in the first part of the small intestine. Symptoms can be vague, which can make early diagnosis difficult. In this article, we look at what duodenal cancer is, along with its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. We also discuss survival rates for this type of cancer.
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New research finds that a structural analog of a compound found in an endangered Chinese fir tree has cancer-fighting properties when combined with an existing cancer drug. Scientists devised a chemical analog of a compound from a rare Chinese tree that, combined with another drug, has cancer-fighting properties. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimate that
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A new treatment with a genetically modified herpes virus is effective against stage 3B and stage 4 melanoma, a recent human study confirms. A genetically modified herpes virus is demonstrably effective against stage 3 melanoma, researchers show. In 2015, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) for
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People with melanoma who live in states with the highest number of melanoma diagnoses tend to have better survival rates, according to recent research that examined data on a state-by-state basis. Why would melanoma survival rates vary between states? Researchers from the University of Utah Health in Salt Lake City set out to determine if
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New research finds that oolong tea can damage breast cancer cells and that people who consume large amounts of this tea have a lower risk of developing breast cancer. Oolong tea may have secret cancer-fighting properties, a new study suggests. Despite recent advances in screening procedures and treatment, breast cancer remains both the most common
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Macadamia nuts are high in healthy fats and may help those trying to lose weight. One serving of macadamia nuts also contains dietary fiber, protein, manganese, thiamin, and a good amount of copper. The fat content of macadamia nuts is higher than that of other popular nuts such as almonds, cashews, and walnuts. A 1-ounce
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No foods protect people against cancer completely. The term cancer-fighting foods refers to foods that may lower the risk of developing cancer if a person adds them to their diet. This article looks at the best cancer-fighting foods and explains the science that supports these claims. Foods that contain naturally occurring compounds that have potent
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